banana varieties in tamil nadu
cultivation on a large scale especially in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Dark green fruits turn golden yellow with a very good keeping quality. Remove affected leaves and burn. Spray Monocrotophos 36 WSC @ 1 ml/lit of water. Plant - slender, medium size, petiole borders open & conspicuously red. 20⁰C- 35⁰C is the most favorable temperature range along with a high level of humidity for banana farming in India. Banana is one of the major and economically important fruit crops of India. Corm injection with 3 ml of 2% carbendazim. ... Red banana From Tamil Nadu. Peel - thick, tough, peels with difficulty, dark green turning straw yellow. It is a medium tall variety commercially grown in Karnataka. Coimbatore, Erode, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli, Trichy, Vellore,Kanyakumari and Karur districts, Grand Naine, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, Pachanadan, Monthan, Karpuravalli. Poovan: It is a leading banana crop that is grown commercially throughout the country. The variety, Poovan (Syn. It is more costlier than palayan kodan. To improve the grade of bunches 2, 4-D at 25 ppm (25 mg/lit) may be sprayed on Poovan and Co 1 banana after the last hand has emerged. Sunjoys Corporation is listed in Trade India's list of verified sellers offering supreme quality of Pahuja Peas etc. Lady Finger banana (Sugar banana) Pisang jari buaya (Crocodile fingers banana) Señorita banana (Monkoy, Arnibal banana, Cuarenta dias, Cariñosa, Pisang Empat Puluh Hari, Pisang Lampung) Sinwobogi banana; AAA Group. The National Agro Foundation (NAF) and the Tamilnadu Banana Producers Company Limited (TBCL), along with Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, … Fruit is highly fragrant, tasty, powdery and firm. International varieties like the lady’s finger banana, red banana and the … An oblique hole at 45° angle is made to a depth of 10 cm. Fruits are used more than the raw ones. Fruits remain as starchy even on ripening.Â. But poor keeping quality and the fruits fall off bunches. A new banana plantation Climate for Banana Cultivation. It takes only 3-4 years to produce fruits, with an oil content of around 66-68 %. Highly susceptible to Fusarium wilt disease. Fruits - large, spindle shaped, short pedicel, blunt tip, peel - thick, leathery, red colour, peels easily. Pachanadan could be used in the Nendran plantations for gap filling as it comes up for harvest along with Nendran. The popular varieties of bananas suitable for hilly areas are Virupakshi, Sirumalai and Namarai. The banana that retains its green color even after ripening, it comes from a dwarf variety of banana plants. No preparatory cultivation is necessary. “In Theni district of Tamil Nadu, we found G9 being infected by Race 1. Susceptible to leaf spot, corm weevil, rhizome rot and mosaic diseases. Raise paddy for one season to suppress the pathogen. cultivation of hill banana. Fruits are smaller, slender with a prominent beak, are packed closely round the axis having a wind blown appearance. Clean the jungle and construct contour stone walls before planting. Always add 5 ml of wetting agent like Sandovit, Triton AE, Teepol etc. Nendran (Clones)like Nedunendran, Zanzibar,Chengalikodan and Table varieties like Monsmarie, Robusta,Â Â Â Â Giant Governor, Dwarf Cavendish, Chenkadali, Poovan,Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Palayankodan, Njalipoovan, Amritsagar, Grosmichael, Karpooravally, Poomkalli, Koompillakannan, Chinali Dudhsagar), BRS-1 and BRS-2 are the best varieties grown well in Irrigated crop. Longer crop duration, severe susceptibility to Fusarium wilt, requirement of bunch cover to protect fruits from sun cracking and formation of hard lumps in fruits make crop production more expensive. Hill Banana Pulp - orange yellow, juicy,sweet, moderate but distinct flavour. It is a leading commercial cultivar grown throughout the country with location specific ecotypes. Important cultivars are Robusta, Monthan, Poovan, Dwarf Cavendish, Nendran, Red banana, Basrai, Ardhapuri, Nyali, Safed Velchi Rasthali, Karpurvalli, etc. The plants are medium-sized with slender, yellowish pseudostem having reddish petiole margin.Â. The Double Mahoi plant can produce two bunches at once. According to the government, about 380 trees were uprooted by Nivar and 14 acre banana plantation was also damaged. Spray copper oxychloride 0.25% or Bordeaux mixture 1% or chlorothaloail 0.2% or Carbendazim 0.1%. Different types of Banana and their benefits, வாழைப்பழத்தின் வகைகளும் அத பயன்களும்! Injection of Monocrotophos 36 WSC 1 ml/plant (1 ml diluted in 4 ml of water) at 45 days interval from the 3rd month till flowering is very effective. Plant with huge pseudostem and grows to a height of 16-20 feet. Fruits large, irregularly five sided, ridges prominent, slightly curved, broad at base tapering towards apex, rominent knob-like beak, long pedicel. Nendhran Banana can be supply all over Tamil Nadu on daily market price. It can also be raised for leaf production. 2.Paring and pralinage: Pare the corm and sprinkle 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G over the Corm (Before sprinkling, corm should be dipped in mud slurry). favourable conditions. To improve the grade of bunches 2, 4-D at 25 ppm (25 mg/lit) may be sprayed on Poovan and Co 1 banana after the last hand has emerged. Banana occupies 20% of the area among the total area under crop in India. Thiruvananthapuram hosted the National Banana Festival on Sunday, in which over 150 varieties of the state’s favourite fruit were displayed. One deep digging may be given during January – February. The Tissue Culture Banana is very tasty. Banana is more cultivated in TamilNadu state. This will also help to remove seediness in Poovan variety. West Bengal-Champa, Mortman , Dwarf Cavendish, Giant Governor, Kanthali, Singapuri Select sword suckers of 1.5 to 2.0 kg weight which are free from diseases and nematodes. One deep spade digging is essential. The plant stature is Dwarf making it less prone to wind damage. Apply N and K in 3 splits on 3rd, 5th and 7th month, Phosphorous at 3rd month of planting. In Tamil Nadu's Villupuram district, police said the fallen trees have been removed to ease the flow of traffic. Accessed 21 Mar. It is more vulnerable to panama wilt, a soil-borne disease, than other plantain varieties such as yelakki and pacchbale (chikkibale). Spray CCC 1000 ppm at 4th and 6th month after planting. Fibre from pseudostem and peduncle of four commercial cultivars of Tamil Nadu viz., Grand Naine, Poovan, Monthan and Nendran were extracted using banana fibre extraction machine. Crop duration - 12 to 14 months. Nendran is a dual purpose variety used for dessert and culinary. Suitable for cultivation for leaf production in Trichy and Tanjore districts of Tamil Nadu. It’s a sweet variety of banana, and the cheapest of all forms of banana. Culinary varieties like Monthan, Batheesa, Kanchekela, Nendrapadathy are the best varieties grown well in Rain fed crop, The best time for planting in karnataka is by the end of the june. Plant dwarf. Njalipoovan is a popular shadeâloving tolerant variety that has a great demand among consumers due to its superior fruit quality and it is a delicious variety. Uproot and destroy severely affected plants. Fairly tolerant to wilt disease. Premium variety grown in the lower Palani hills of Kodaikanal range in Tamil Nadu. It is generally cultivated as a perennial crop. Avoid injection of Monocrotophos after flowering. Nendhran Banana can be supply all over Tamil Nadu on daily market price. Ney Poovan is a slender plant bearing bunches of 15-30 kg after 12-14 months. It is a medium tall plant, supporting 14-16 kg bunch without propping. Medium sized bunch, closely packed fruits, good keeping quality and resistant to fruit cracking is its plus points. Growth regulators It is a medium tall variety and the Fruit is very tasty with a good aroma. Plant tall and vigorous. It is a hybrid ofÂ Vannan x Pisang Lilin developed at Kannara Banana research station, Kerala Agricultural University. Paring and pralinage: Pare the corm and sprinkle 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G over the Corm (Before sprinkling, corm should be dipped in mud slurry). The traditional harvest festival of the Tamils - 'Pongal' is almost here. The 'Nino", also known as the 'Lady Finger', 'Sugar' banana, 'Finger' banana, 'Fig' banana, 'Date' banana, or 'Sucrier'; in Spanish, as 'Dedo de Dama', 'Datil', 'Nino', 'Bocadillo', 'Manices', 'Guineo Blanco', 'Platano Roatan' or 'Cambur Titiaro'; in French, as 'Banane-figue', 'Banane mignonne', 'Figue sucrée' (West Indies), 'Banane figue sucrée', 'Banane doigt de dame', 'Banane naine', 'Banana ficaire', 'Banana "Sucrier'. Irrigate the fields copiously after every manure application. Poor yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, 7 - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch. Pulp - soft, sweet, juicy, delightful aroma. midrib. Hill banana Enjoyed as a snack or used to make sweet delicacies, the fruit is slightly acidic, firm and has a typical sour-sweet aroma. Major Markets in Tamil Nadu: Trichy, Coimbatore, Theni : Preferred Varieties and Hybrids : Grand Naine, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, Pachanadan, Monthan, Karpuravalli : Grade Specification : The hands are graded based on the number and size of … It is characterized by uniformly purple red pigmented pseudostem, leaf pedicelÂ and bunch peduncle. A small portion of soil is removed to expose the upper portion of the corm. Fruits turn to attractive golden yellow on ripening. Spray any one of the following systemic insecticides to control it. Banana is available all round the year, is affordable, nutritious, tasty and also has medicinal value, which makes it one of the most demanding fruit. Peak season in karnataka are, Bontha and Mauritius and for Poovan the best time is November to January beacause it has a no longer duration. After forming semicircular basins on uphill side, apply 375 g of 40:30:40 NPK mixture, plus 130 g muriate of potash per clump per application during October, January and April. Dark green fruits turn bright yellow upon ripening depending on ripening conditions. Ice Cream Banana Tree: The other name of this cold tolerable banana tree name is the ice cream … Panama Disease It can also be raised for leaf production. The pseudostem, petiole, midrib and fruit rind are purplish red in color. Highly susceptible to Banana Bract Mosaic Virus (BBMV), nematodes and borers. ! Fruit has a poor keeping quality leading to a quick breakdown of pulp after ripening, hence not suited for long distance transportation. Unripe fruits turn bright yellow upon ripening, pulp is ivory white in colour. This is the most widely cultivated variety of banana in Kerala, very soft when fully ripe. The fruit is widely available in South India. In India bananas occupy an area of about 2lakh hectares, mostly in the southern states. Red Banana: Found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and some other regions. Areas in Tamil Nadu where banana is prominently cultivated are Theni, Trichy, Erode, Thoothukudi, Coimbatore, Kanyakumari, Thanjavur and Dindigul. Spray CCC 1000 ppm at 4th and 6th month after planting. In combination with high-density planting and drip irrigation, Dwarf Cavendish is becoming a highly successful cultivar. This variety of Bananas are grown in some regions of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Mostly grown as intercrop in coconut and arecanut garden. Poovan, Rasthali, Monthan, Karpooravalli and Neypoovan can be cultivated during February – April. It is a promising hybrid owing to short cropping cycle resistance to leaf spot,Fusarium wilt and burrowing nematode. Choice variety grown in Tamil Nadu in Kulitalai & Thanjavur regions. It is a Pome hybrid developed from the combination of SH-3142 x Dwarf Prata in Honduras. Plant - stout, vigorous and tall with large leaves, stem light green with purplish tinge. Give four forkings in January, April, July and October. Bunch - excellent grade, upto 30 kg, 18 hands. Bunch large, compact, 18 kg, upto 10 hands. It is also popular in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and to some extent in Western and Central India. It falls on the 14th of January, 2017. It is tolerant to leaf spot and Banana Bunchy Top Virus(BBTV) diseases, but Average 100Â distinctive flavor. It is also popular in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It is well suited as an intercrop in coconut/arecanut garden. Apply 200:30:300 g N: P2O5 : K2O / plant using water soluble fertilizers along with 25 litres of water/day. Ney poovan is the unique diploid assuming commercial monoclonal cultivation on a large scale especially in Karnataka. Infected trees should be uprooted, chopped into pieces and burnt. (CC BY-SA 4.0). There are fuzzy bananas whose skins are bubblegum pink; green-and-white striped bananas with pulp the color of orange sherbet; bananas that, when cooked, taste like strawberries. Following is a table stating how much each state contributes to the overall production of banana in the country. The fertigation technique must be followed for maximizing the productivity. Plant â medium sized, stem dark purple with greenish tinge. R Thangavelu, scientist at the National Research Centre for Banana (NRCB) in Tamil Nadu, says Race 1 has already mutated. This hybrid is developed by single plant selection from Pisang Awak (AAB) sub In order to preserve these hill banana varieties and also to preserve the interest of the farmers, the Tamil Nadu Hill Banana Growers' Federation was formed. It also has also good export potential. Carbendazim 1 g/lit., Benomyl 1 g/lit., Mancozeb 2 g/lit., Copper oxychloride 2.5 g/lit., Ziram 2 ml/lit. Vayal vazhai of Tanjore, Mey Vannan of Kongad, Naattu vazhai of Pannaikkadu. It is also called as Gold finger and high yielding hybrids which replace Pachananda and Bluggoe varieties. susceptible to wilt disease. Its tolerance to sodicity has been a boon to saline sodic soils of India. Banana varieties grown in different states of India are: Karnataka - Robusta, Rasthali, Dwarf Cavendish, Poovan, Monthan, Elakkibale Fairly large sized fruit turns its color from deep brown to dark red as it ripens. Leguminous vegetables, beetroot, elephant foot yam and sunhemp can be grown as intercrops. Padugai It has a remarkable early rationing ability completing four crops in three years. Poor yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, 7 - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch. Prop plants at or prior to flowering. In the field, Panama wilt disease can be prevented by corm injection methods. groupÂ at National research CentreÂ for banana , Trichi. The characteristic feature of this variety is a ‘beak,’ which is visible when the fruits are mature. This variety thrives even in alkaline soils. Heavy rainfall and strong wind that are the limiting factor of the banana cultivation. escape high wind as it blows at higher level. Red banana is the most relished and highly prized variety of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. In India, banana is very popular fruit so all the people both the rich and the poor were consumed banana. Fruits - medium sized, cylindrical to spindle shaped, weak pedicel, skin - thin, peels easily, ivory yellow, flesh - firm, sweet, pleasant aroma. At the time of planting, apply 25 g Pseudomonas fluorescence / plant. Fruits are angular, thick skinned and are loosely arranged on the female axis. Fruit attachment to the pedicel is not as strong as in Virupakshi. The duration of the variety is about 13 months. Trim the roots and decayed portion of the corm, cut the pseudostem leaving 20 cm from the corm and grade the suckers to size. It is also sweetest among Indian bananas. The fruit is widely available in South India. Over 500 different varieties of fruits were put on display during a two-day fruit show here in Tamil Nadu’s Nilgiri district. Poovan: It is the most important commercial variety in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. (ரஸ்தாளி ). It is a slender , medium tall plant and bears bunch weight of 10-15 kg. Attractive yellowish green colour at maturity. Spray Phosphamidon 1 ml/lit or Methyl Demeton 2 ml/lit or Monocrotophos 1 ml/lit to control it. It is highly susceptible to bunchy top, fusarium wilt and nematodes. Intercropping:Leguminousvegetables, Beetroot, ElephantfootyamandSunhemp.Avoid growing Cucurbitaceous vegetables. Chlorothalonil 2 g/lit. It is one of the most important banana varieties in Philippine cuisine. per 10 lit of spray fluid. It could perform well withpout any yield reduction in sodic soils with PH 8.5-8.75. Red Banana, Manoranjitham (Santhana vazhai) and Ladan are also cultivated in hills. Lady's Finger bananas are smaller and sweeter than the ubiquitous longer, … AREA (‘000 ha.) The bunch size, the fruit length and size is quite good though the keeping quality is rather poor. Introduced variety, important for international trade and high density planting. Bunch weight 20 - 25kg, 12 hands, 150 or more fruits. Thrips and Lace wing bugs Bunch 8-9 compact hands, 13-14 fingers per hand, 100 to 120 fruits per bunch. The fruit bunches weigh 20 to 30 kg and the average yield of the crop is 45 tonnes/ha Fruits are orange yellow in color with a sweet smell. Apply 20 g in each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria during planting and five months after planting. Almost all modern cultivated varieties of edible bananas and plantains are hybrids and polyploids of two wild, seeded banana species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.Cultivated bananas are almost always seedless (parthenocarpic) and hence sterile, so they are propagated vegetatively (). Pseudostem core is a highly relished vegetable with various medicinal properties. 20⁰C- 35⁰C is the most favorable temperature range along with a high level of humidity for banana farming in India. Pre-treat the suckers with 40 g Carbofuran 3G. Fruits - large, long, thick, peel - thick and leathery, golden yellow, peels with difficulty. In Malayalam language, banana plant is called by ‘Vaazha’ and the banana fruit is termed as ‘Vaazha pazham’. The area of cultivation of Nanjangud rasabale, a special variety of banana only in and around Nanjangud areas of Karnataka. Robusta: Robusta is high yielding banana variety with large size. Fruits - medium size, cylindrical, pronounced nipple, skin - thin, bright yellow, peels off easily Varies from Rasthali only in that there are no male flowers so that the whole axis is covered with fruits. Fruits - small to medium, prominently ridged, skin - thick, leathery, greenish yellow and turning black when over ripe, peels easily. Alternatively, dip the corm with 0.75% Monocrotophos, shade dry for atleast 24 hours and plant. Different banana varieties play a significant role in the daily life of the people in this South Indian state. 430+ Varieties of Bananas: Kerala Man’s 3-Acre Farm Bears Harvest Worth Over a Lakh. Spray any one of the following fungicides commencing from November at monthly interval. Delicious variety grown mostly in Erode and Tiruchirapally districts. The variety Boldles Altafort is recommended forÂ Â Â Â Â Â high range region (ad hoc). It isÂ particularly suitable for intercropping in coconut gardens both under rainfed and irrigated conditions. Fruits - medium size, persistent on pedicel even after ripening, skin - medium thick, yellow with ashy coating. In order to preserve these hill banana varieties and also to preserve the interest of the farmers, the Tamil Nadu Hill Banana Growers' Federation was formed. Fruits are yellowish green throughout their development, but turn pale yellow to Â golden yellow after ripening. In Tamil Nadu, B. anana is specially grown for? Ney Poovan is tolerant to leaf spot but susceptible to Fusarium wilt and banana bract mosaic virus. Namaran,Ladan,Manoranjitham Sirumalai and Virupakshi are the best varieties grown well in Hill Banana. Remove outer sheaths to keep the corm inside the soil and ward off borer. The bunch weight ranges from 12-15 kg (after 11-12 months). Removal of infected trees and application of lime @1-2 Kg/pit. The thick rind of the fruits retains to some extent the greenish colour even when the fruits are ripe. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. Plant tall (4 to 4.5m height), stem - yellowish green with brownish blotches, reddish margins of petiole and leaf sheath. The banana is exported from India to other countries. * For Tissue culture banana, apply 50% extra fertilizers at 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th month after planting. Nendran and Robusta are the best varieties grown well at the time of April to May. The fruits of the first 5 to 6 hands are same as those of Rasthali, while the rest differ only in size. Apply lime at 1 – 2 kg in the pits after removal of the affected plants. It has the characteristic flavor only when they are cultivated in higher elevation. Exceedingly sweet but poor fruit keeping quality. 2: Which clones are grown under irrigated conditions? It is a popular commercial cultivar grown extensivelyÂ for table and processing purpose in Karnataka. Banana Varieties Dwarf Cavendish (AAA) : It is a popular commercial cultivar grown extensively for table and processing purpose in the states Maharashtra, Gujarat, Bihar and West Bengal. Bunch not compact, 12-15 kgs, 4-6 hands, 3 prominent ridges, distinct nipple. Crop duration It is a hybrid clone released by Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore involving three parents - Ladan, Kadali and Musa balbisiana. Phosphamidon 2 ml/lit or Methyl demeton 2 ml/lit or Monocrotophos 1 ml/lit or Dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit. Triploid Musa acuminata, both wild banana plants and cultivars Cavendish Subgroup 'Dwarf Cavendish' 'Giant Cavendish' ('Williams') Lady's Finger Bananas. Plant tall, robust, pseudostem petiole characteristic deep red colour, free suckering. It is highly susceptible to Fusarium wilt disease. Banana grows at an altitude of 1200 meters from sea level in a warm and humid climate. Plants - tall, 4.5 to 5.0m height. ABB: 4: All AAA Clone are susceptible to? It is tolerant to leaf spot disease but susceptible to Fusarium wilt, nematodes banana bract mosaic virus. Its ash coated golden yellow and sweet fruits have good keeping quality. Main banana growing states are Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. The best time for planting in Hill Banana are April to May and June to August. Fruits - large, skin medium thick, ripe fruits drop off easily, fruits - green to dull yellow, pulp - sweet, juicy, agreeable flower, better keeping quality than Dwarf Cavendish. Cover the peduncle with flag leaf and the bunch with leaves to avoid sunscald. Nendran and Robusta can be cultivated during April – May. Its unique fruit quality has made Rasthali popular and a highly prized cultivar for table purpose. Banana is the fruit of a plant of the genus. fruits per bunch, 25-30 kg. This is also very tasty and small sized fruit. To maintain disease free banana gardens is the basic objective of the federation. Lal velchi, Champa, Karpura Chakrakeli, Kadali, Chini champa ) is though tall but withstand high wind to a considerable extent. Banana can be cultivated in garden lands during January – February and November – December. Fruits arebold, stocky,knobbed and pale green in colour. 'Basrai' is the leading commercial variety of Cavendish group and is a leading commercial The government said it was carrying out the repairs quickly to restore power lines. It has a white pulp which is sweet when ripe although very starchy. Lesser grown variety, grows upto elevation of 1300 m above msl. It has an attractive golden yellow color when ripe. 2. The best time for planting in Garden Lands are January to Febraury and November to DecemberÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â. Robusta, Nendran,D.Cavendish are the best varieties grown well in Garden lands. Fruits - small, slender, pronounced tip, peel red colour. Use transparent polyethylene sleeves with 2% (during cool season) - 4% (during summer season) ventilation to cover the bunch immediately after opening of the last hand. Irrigate immediately after planting; give life irrigation after 4 days; subsequent irrigations are to be given once in a week for garden land bananas and once in 10 – 15 days for wetlands. Banana is an important fruit crop of many tropical and subtropical regions of India. Fairly tolerant to nematodes and leaf spot and rhizome rot diseases. Also cultivated for production of leaves. Banana is the fourth-important food ingredient in terms of gross value exceeded only by rice, wheat and milk product. Fruit quality is medium, sugar acid blend is good with maximum yellow life (7days). The skin can be removed easily with some rags sticking to the pulp, revealing a light orange to orange pulp. Highly susceptible to Banana Bract Mosaic Virus (BBMV), nematodes and Plant robust, medium height. Fruits turn yellowish green upon ripening with cream coloured pulp having Requires propping. The rind is thick and green with whitish pulp. Pralinage is done with 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G granules per sucker. A major characteristic of the fruit is its long shelf life, as it survives for around a fortnight after its starts ripening. It is easily identified by the yellowish green stem with brownishÂ blotches reddish margin of the petiole and leaf sheath and a few persistent male flowers after the female flower phase. Ney Poovan is the choicest diploid cultivar, which is under commercial mono The Lacatan cultivar is the typical bananas we found in the market for dessert. It is cultivated in India in an area of 830.5 thousand ha and total production is around 29,779.91 thousand tons. Spray copper oxychloride 0.25% or Bordeaux mixture 1%. The hands are graded based on the number and size of fingers in each hand. It is a popular variety grown for table purpose in medium rich soils. Other operations should be done as similar in garden land. One deep digging may be given during January – February. 9. In Tamil Nadu it is grown in 81498 ha with production of 34,61,788 tones and productivity 41.10t / ha. “According to the climatic conditions in each area, the taste of the plantain also differs. Use drip irrigation @ 5-10 litres/plant/day from planting to 4th month, 10-15 litres/plant/day from 5th to shooting and 15 litres /plant/day from shooting to till 15 days prior to harvest. Largely grown in Trichirapalli and Coimbatore districts. The average bunch weight with 6-7 hands and with about 13 fruits per hand is about 15 - 25 kg. For ratoon crops in respect of Poovan, Monthan and Rasthali allow the follower at flowering stage of the mother plant and remove the other suckers during harvest. Performs well under light soils with high inputs. It is threatened by banana bunchy top virus aggravated by perennial system of It is highly resistant to black Sigatoka, Fusarium wilt and apparently resistant to burrowing nematode. Use ‘Banana injector’ devised by the Tamil Nadu Agriculture University. Plant 3 suckers / pit at a spacing of 1.8 x 3.6m (4600 plants/ha) for Cavendish varieties and 2 m x 3 m for Nendran (5000 plants/ha). Banana grows at an altitude of 1200 meters from sea level in a warm and humid climate. It is known as’Kappa Vazha’ or chenkadali in Kerala. It also have medicinal usage. The bunch size, fruit length and size is quite good though the keeping quality is rather poor. Plant resembles that of red banana with red coloured pseudostem, petiole and Useful variety for breeding as it is male and female fertile. Alkaline and saline soils should be avoided. Insert a gelatin capsule containing 200 mg Fernoxone (2,4 – D) into the corm 7 cm deep using capsule applicator or inject 5 ml Fernoxone solution (125 gm/lit of water) into the pseudostem by using the injection gun. Its commercial cultivation is spread over Central and Southrn districts of Tamil Nadu. If interested please contact me directly at 75985 35368 or 94862 69551. It is akin to hill banana Virupakshi in flavour and taste and suitable for growing in the plains and hills upto 1200 meters elevation. Banana has great socio-economic and religious significance. Tamil Nadu-Virupakshi, Robusta, Rad Banana, Poovan, Rasthali, Nendran, Monthan, Karpuravalli, Sakkai, Peyan, Matti. Pulp - firm, cream coloured, core conspicuous, medium taste. Bunches attain maturity from 100 to 150 days after flowering depending on variety, soil, weather condition and elevation. It is also sometimes known as the Cardaba banana, though the latter name may be more correctly applied to a very similar cultivar also classified within the Saba subgroup. To avoid wilt disease in Rasthali, Monthan, Virupakshi and other wilt susceptible varieties, infected portions of the corm may be pared and dipped for 5 minutes in 0.1% Emisan solution (1 g in 1 lit of water). The technology development in agriculture is very fast, it results in developing a Tissue Culture Technique. Similar to Jnali... Poovan … The Banana Aphid Pentalonia nigronervosa is the vector of Bunchy-top virus disease. Centre for Plant breading and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. From the tall Assam Plantain to the short ‘Jahanji,’ Vinod’s farm is home to over 430 varieties of bananas today. The best time for planting in Tissue banana are Throughout the year (except when temperature is too low or too high).Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â, Grand naine is the best variety grown well in Tissue Banana.Â Â Â Â Â Â Â. Rasakadali (Jnali Poovan) – Lady Finger Banana. Leaf production. This variety is mediumsized with slender yellowish green pseudostem and can be recognised by the reddish petiole margin, large fruits, very thin and papery rind and white firm flesh that is very sweet. Tamil Nadu farmers were in search of a substitute for the local Karpuravalli, which belongs to the Pisang Awak subgroup of the genomic group ABB because of its … The thick rind of the fruits retains greenish colour to some extent and even when the fruits are ripe. It is one of the sought after and tasty varieties of bananas. Varieties: Following are the major banana varieties grown in India. (Dip the corm in slurry solution containing 4 parts clay plus 5 parts water and sprinkle Carbofuran to control nematodes). Fertigate at weekly intervals as per the following schedule. Plant has distinct pink colouration in pseudostem. The best time for planting in Padugai lands are January to Febraury and August to September.Â Â Â Â Â Â Â. Fruits have a distinct neck with thick green skin turning buff yellow on ripening. The major banana varieties grown in Tamil Nadu are Elaki, Poovan, Rasthali. The Best time for planting in Wetland are Febraury to AprilÂ and April to Mayan, Nendran and Robusta. Average weight of bunch ranges from 15-20 kgÂ with short, stout, dark green Poovan like fruits which are arranged compactly. Dudhsaga(highly resistant to major pests and diseases) are the varieties grown well. Apply N as Neem coated urea. The plants are tall, robust ranging from 2.5 m to 3.0 m in height, produces bunches to tune of 20 – 30 Kg: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu: 9: Monthan: Fairly tall and robust, growing to a height of 2.5 to 3.0 m Commercial plantations is seen in Madurai,Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts of Tamil Nadu. Elongated fruits turn attractive golden yellow on ripening. Yet Tamil Nadu is the leading producer of Poovan varieties of banana. It bears heavy bunches (20-25 kg) without propping in 14-15 months. Demerits are its susceptibility to panama wilt, formation of hard lump in pulp and easy dropping of fruits from the bunch. If interested please contact me directly at 75985 35368 or 94862 69551. It is a fairly tall and robust plant weighing a bunch of 18-20 kg. Press mud application @ 15 t per ha one month after planting and neem cake 1.5 t per ha one month after planting will also control the nematode infestation. Red Banana: Elite banana cultivar and grown for red peeled delicious fruit of unique taste. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. It is also known as Lal velchi in Maharashtra. Alternation of fungicides for every spray prevents fungicidal resistance. Other operations should be done as similar in garden land. Post harvest dipping of fruits in Carbendazim 400 ppm, or Benomyl 1000 ppm. Give four forkings in January, April, July and October. Rasthali: Grown in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Bihar, it has a unique taste and good aroma. Perennial system aggravates Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV). The fruits of Grand Naine Banana variety are delicious to eat and keeping Â quality of the fruit is good. Each bunch of fruit has 7-9 hands weighing 11-17 lbs. It is well suited as a shade plant for young coffee plantation. It is one of the famous dwarf varieties of coconut in India, suitable for cultivation in southern states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. It is the festival to respect the Farmer and his… Sow Sunhemp on 45th day; incorporate it after about a month.This operation reduces nematode build up. It can also be raised for leaf production. Established in 2012, Sunjoys Corporation has made a name for itself in the list of top suppliers of Fresh Vegetables, Cabbage in India. Banana Streak Virus, (BSV), which cause considerable reduction in yield. This is the foremost cooking variety of the state. Fruits are short, stout and have no knob. The fruit bunches weigh 20 to 30 kg and the average yield of the crop is 45 tonnes/ha; Fruits are orange yellow in color with a sweet smell. ... Banana Varieties Ask Price. The plant collapses and topples in 3 – 5 days. The fruits are small, firm-fleshed and sweet. Use ‘Banana Injector’ devised by the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. Fruits have a distinct neck with thick green skin turning buff yellow onÂ ripening. Although Cavendish bananas are by far the most-common variety imported by nontropical countries, plantain varieties account for about 85 percent of all banana cultivation worldwide. To maintain disease free banana gardens is the basic objective of the federation. It is an introduction from Phillipines and it is found promising under in saline sodic soils. Just like Kerala has varieties of fish curries, every region in Tamil Nadu has their own variety of idli. Important commercial variety of Tamil Nadu produced year round in largequantities. For economizing the cost of fertilizers, fertigate using normal fertilizers (Urea and Muriate of potash) with 50% of the recommended dose along with recommended dose of phosphorus as basal at 2nd month after planting. Bunch - large, 25 kgs, 12 hands, upto 18 fingers, 200 or more fruits. 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